U.S. Department of Labor's 2008 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor
U.S. Department of Labor
[Excerpt] This report contains profiles of 122 independent countries and a summary report on 19 non-independent countries and territories designated as GSP beneficiaries and/or beneficiaries of trade preferences under the AGOA, CBTPA, and ATPA/ATPDEA. In addition, the report includes information on former GSP recipients that have negotiated free trade agreements with the United States, in view of Senate Report 110-410. Information in the profiles covers the period March 2008 through February 2009. Each country profile contains a table and three text sections that cover (1) the incidence and nature of child labor; (2) child labor laws and enforcement; and (3) current government policies and programs to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The first text section provides, to the extent available, a comprehensive picture of exploitive child labor in a country, while the second and third text sections describe government efforts to combat the problem through legal measures and enforcement, and through policies and programs, respectively. The tables present key statistics and indicators on child labor and government efforts to address it, including information about the rate of child work versus participation in school where available; basic policies in regard to child work and education; ratification of international conventions relevant to child labor; and participation in the ILO-IPEC program. Since the TDA applies to U.S. trade beneficiary countries and territories, this report does not include information on the worst forms of child labor in the United States. USDOL recognizes, however, that oppressive child labor occurs in this country. Official estimates of the number of children working in contravention of child labor laws and hazardous child labor regulations in the United States are not available. However, USDOL’s Wage and Hour Division (WHD), which enforces the child labor provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), found 4,734 minors illegally employed in Fiscal Year (FY) 2008. In 41 percent of cases in which child labor violations were cited, WHD found children working under hazardous conditions, working in hazardous environments and/or using prohibited equipment such as using paper balers and dough mixers.
child labor; Department of Labor; labor rights; human rights
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