Situational Analysis on Child Labor in Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar
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Baregu, Kokuteta Mutembei
[Excerpt] This situation analysis report was prepared to help the United States Department of Labor (USDOL) staff understand the situation of child labor in Tanzania and to provide an overview of the particulars of child labor in Tanzania, and of the extent, scope and characteristics of the effort by governmental and non-governmental agencies in Tanzania to reduce or eliminate child labor. In 2006 there were more than 2.4 million children engaged in child labor in Tanzania, of which nearly 600,000 were working in hazardous conditions. Child labor is related to poverty, lack of social protection measures, a weak education system, the failure of rural diversification programs, and culture. There are existing laws and policies prohibiting child labor and especially its worst forms; Tanzania has adopted international standards and although some gaps remain, there is a robust legislative framework defining child labor and providing for the enforcement of child labor prohibitions. However, enforcement mechanisms remain weak. There are also a number of governmental, international and grassroots efforts underway in Tanzania to reduce child labor. New initiatives to combat child labor in Tanzania should take advantage of the existing network of organizations working in this area to identify opportunities for program support and partnership.
Tanzania; Zanzibar; child labor; enforcement; reduction