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dc.contributor.authorGelfand, Michele J.
dc.contributor.authorNishii, Lisa Hisae
dc.contributor.authorRaver, Jana L.
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-25T14:55:12Z
dc.date.available2020-11-25T14:55:12Z
dc.date.issued2006-01-01
dc.identifier.other305933
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1813/77345
dc.description.abstractCross-cultural research is dominated by the use of values despite their mixed empirical support and their limited theoretical scope. This article expands the dominant paradigm in crosscultural research by developing a theory of cultural tightness-looseness, the strength of social norms and degree of sanctioning within societies, and advancing a multilevel research agenda for future research. Through an exploration of the top-down, bottom-up, and moderating impact that societal tightness-looseness has on individuals and organizations, as well as on variability across levels of analysis, the theory provides a new and complementary perspective to the values approach.
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.rightsRequired Publisher Statement: © American Psychological Association. Final version published as: Gelfand, M. J., Nishii, L. H., & Raver, J. L. (2006). On the nature and importance of cultural tightness-looseness. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91(6), 1225-1244. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.91.6.1225Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved.
dc.subjectCAHRS
dc.subjectILR
dc.subjectcenter
dc.subjecthuman resource
dc.subjectjob
dc.subjectworker
dc.subjectadvanced
dc.subjectlabor market
dc.subjectsatisfaction
dc.subjectemployee
dc.subjectwork
dc.subjectmanage
dc.subjectmanagement
dc.subjecthealth care
dc.subjectflexible benefit
dc.subjectHRM
dc.subjectemploy
dc.subjectmodel
dc.subjectindustrial relations
dc.subjectjob satisfaction
dc.subjectjob performance
dc.subjectproductivity
dc.subjectmeasurement
dc.subjectcompensation
dc.subjectpay
dc.subjectvoluntary turnover
dc.subjectsalary
dc.subjectpay level
dc.subjectbenefit
dc.subjectpay raise
dc.subjectjob growth
dc.subjectmanagerial
dc.subjectemployment growth
dc.subjectcollege degree
dc.titleOn the Nature and Importance of Cultural Tightness-Looseness
dc.typepreprint
dc.relation.doihttps://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.91.6.1225
dc.description.legacydownloadsWP07_05_On_the_Nature.pdf: 12659 downloads, before Oct. 1, 2020.
local.authorAffiliationGelfand, Michele J.: University of Maryland
local.authorAffiliationNishii, Lisa Hisae: lhn5@cornell.edu Cornell University
local.authorAffiliationRaver, Jana L.: Queen’s University


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