Balanced and Imbalanced Societal Norms About Working: A Comparison of Four National Labor Markets at Two Time Points
Ruiz-Quintanilla, S. Antonio; England, George W.
Two normative orientations: work as an obligation/duty versus work as an entitlement/right are compared among representative samples from the American, German, Belgian, and Japanese labor force exploring four domains: "Work itself', "Meaningful work", "Work Improvements", and "Care for the Future" at two points in time. Results reveal: Stability over time, and significant differences related to age, occupational group membership, and country.
balance; work; labor; market; time; point; orientation; obligation; duty; entitlement; right; labor force; German; improvement; future