Who's Contented Now? Gainsharing and the Paradoxical Female Worker
Welbourne, Theresa M.; Graham, Mary E.
The "paradox of the contented female worker" describes the phenomenon of women reporting higher work and life satisfaction levels than men, despite being objectively worse off than their male counterparts. Using models of pay satisfaction and theories of equity, distributive justice, and relative deprivation, we examined the existence of this paradox in four companies with gainsharing plans. Results confirm that the paradox prevails for all under traditional pay systems, but under gainsharing, there is no paradox for lower-paid employees and a strong paradox among higher-paid employees.
human resource; HR; organization; pay; performance; individual; gainsharing; female; work; paradox; employee; male; paid