Incentive Effects New York’s Minimum Competency Exams
Bishop, John H.; Mane, Ferran
[Excerpt] Educational reformers and the majority of the American public believe that teachers ask too little of their pupils. African-American and Hispanic parents, in particular, criticize the low expectations and goals that teachers and school administrators often set for their children. These low expectations, they believe, result in watered-down curricula and a tolerance of mediocre teaching and inappropriate student behavior. The result is that the prophecy of low achievement is self-fulfilling.
examination; school; student; learning; economic; peer pressure; achievement; college; academic; New York; educational reform; high school; incentive; economy
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