Cosmopolitans and Locals: Status Rivalries, Deference, and Knowledge in International Teams
Haas, Martine R.
Drawing on sociological role theory, this chapter introduces and explains the distinction between cosmopolitan and local role orientations as status categories in international teams. Qualitative data from a multi-method field study conducted at a leading international development agency illustrate that the high status of cosmopolitans and locals in this setting was based on expectations that these team members would enable their teams to more effectively interpret knowledge obtained from outside sources. The possible dynamics of status rivalry and deference in teams with cosmopolitan and local membership are explored, and their implications for team performance are addressed. Status in groups thus is viewed as both contested and contingent on the situation.
ILR; Cornell University; organizational behavior; sociological role theory; cosmopolitan; orientation; teams; qualitative data; performance; situation
Required Publisher Statement: Copyright by Elsevier. Final paper published as Haas, M. R. (2005). Cosmopolitans and locals: Status rivalries, deference, and knowledge in international teams. In E. A. Mannix, M. A. Neale, & M. C. Thomas-Hunt (Eds.), Research on managing groups and teams: Status and groups, Vol. 7 (pp. 201-227). Oxford: Elsevier.