Alternative Employment Arrangements
Marler, Janet H.; Tolbert, Pamela S.; Milkovich, George T.
[Excerpt] Part-time work, temporary work, independent contracting, and self-employment have experienced unprecedented increases in the last several decades. These employment arrangements characterize approximately 25-30 percent of the workforce, and they are growing fast. The rate of growth in part-time workers is 30 percent greater than in the overall work force, the rate of temporary agency workers is more than five times greater, and the growth in self-employment now equals the growth in civilian employment. These changes coincide with the increasing participation of married women in the labor force, the prevalence of dual-earner households, and the restructuring of the traditional employment relationship within many organizations. How have these simultaneous changes in employment arrangements and the demography of the workforce affected families' strategies for managing work and family responsibilities? In this chapter we describe five couple-level employment strategies and examine their relationship to husbands' and wives' demographic and work characteristics, life stage, and objective and subjective measures of work and family success.
part-time work; labor force; family; gender; employment strategies
Required Publisher Statement: Marler, J. H., Tolbert, P. S. & Milkovich, G. T. (2003). Alternative employment arrangements [Electronic version]. In P. Moen & S. Sweet (Eds.), It’s about time: Couples and careers (pp. 242-258). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.