Using High Stakes Tests to Raise Achievement
Bishop, John H.
“Educational reformers and most of the American public think that teachers ask too little of their pupils. These low expectations, they believe, result in watered-down curricula and a tolerance of mediocre teaching and inappropriate student behavior. The prophecy of low achievement thus becomes self-fulfilling.”
human resource; ILR; Cornell; labor; industrial relations; education; teach; student; standard; school; America; academic success; employer; incentive
Required Publisher Statement: Originally published as: Bishop, J. "Using High Stakes to Raise Achievement." Students Continually Learning. (Washington, DC: Council of Chief State School Officers, 2001), 73-80. Published version posted with special permission of the copyright holder.