The Effects of Gender Composition in Academic Departments on Faculty Turnover
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Tolbert, Pamela S.; Simons, Tal; Andrews, Alice; Rhee, Jaehoon
Using data collected from a sample of 50 academic departments over the years 1977-88, the authors test several hypotheses about the effects of departmental gender composition on faculty turnover. They find that as the proportion of women in a department grew, turnover among women also increased, confirming the prediction that increases in the relative size of a minority will result in increased intergroup competition and conflict. The evidence also suggests, however, that when the proportion of female faculty reached a threshold of about 35-40%, turnover among women began to decline. The proportion of women had a negligible or negative impact on turnover among male faculty. The authors discuss the implications of this research for the implementation of affirmative action policies.
gender; academic; faculty; turnover; affirmative action
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