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dc.contributor.authorNadafianshahamabadi, Razieh
dc.contributor.authorTayarani, Mohammad
dc.contributor.authorGao, H. Oliver
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-08T19:14:49Z
dc.date.available2020-10-08T19:14:49Z
dc.date.issued2020-09-30
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1813/72794
dc.descriptionFinal Reporten_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: Exposure to vehicle emissions have been considered a cause of several negative health outcomes including mortality. The existing findings are too inconsistent to drive a well-founded exposure-response function to be fully exploited to curb the negative impacts of transportation systems on public health. In this study, we investigate the association between exposure to air pollution and mortality. We then evaluate how using different air quality methods may result in detecting different health outcomes. Methods: We conduct an analysis of reviewing a representative sample of main published studies that specifically focused on the association between vehicle air pollution and mortality. Results: Our study finds that vehicle air pollution may increase the risk of mortality through a high association. The risk of overall mortality increases by 5% per 10 μg/m3 increase in NO2 concentration, 2% per unit of traffic intensity on the road, and 7% per unit of distance closer to the road. Conclusion: The findings imply the role of exposure to vehicle emissions in increasing risk of mortality. The method used to detect the health outcomes can alter the health finding from positive to null or vice versa and even extensively affect the analysis outcomes. The results suggest the need for establishing indicators to benchmark the performance of air quality methods and emphasize the necessity to integrate public health measures into urban and transportation planning process.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipU.S. Department of Transportation 69A3551747119en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subjectAir Pollutionen_US
dc.subjectCardiovascularen_US
dc.subjectMortalityen_US
dc.subjectRespiratoryen_US
dc.subjectTransportationen_US
dc.titleImpacts of Transportation Emissions on the Risk of Mortality: Findings from the Literature and Policy Implicationsen_US
dc.typereporten_US
schema.accessibilityFeaturealternativeTexten_US
schema.accessibilityFeaturestructuralNavigationen_US
schema.accessibilityFeaturetaggedPDFen_US
schema.accessibilityHazardunknownen_US


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