Now showing items 2043-2062 of 2082

    • Why the Apathy in American High Schools? 

      Bishop, John H. (1989-01-01)
      [Excerpt] Yes, it is a classic chicken versus egg problem. We assign teachers the responsibility for setting high standards but we do not give them any of the tools that might be effective for inducing student observance ...
    • Why Universities Need Institutional Researchers More Than They Realize? 

      Ehrenberg, Ronald G. (2004-04-27)
      This paper discusses the benefits of universities maintaining and utilizing institutional researchers, citing specific examples of invaluable research conducted that proved instrumental in providing data and surveys for ...
    • Why WARN? The Impact of Recent Plant-Closing and Layoff Prenotification Legislation in the United States 

      Ehrenberg, Ronald G.; Jakubson, George H. (1993-01-01)
      [Excerpt] WARN was passed only after a decade of strenuous debate. We can now look back and address a number of issues it raised. What benefits did its proponents think would arise from the notice legislation, and what ...
    • Will Trustees Tame Tuition? 

      Ehrenberg, Ronald G. (2001-04-11)
      [Excerpt] In recent years, tuition has similarly continued to increase by more than inflation. However, during the 1980s real income growth stagnated in the United States. As a result, tuition as a share of family income ...
    • With a Little Help from My Friends (and Strangers): Closeness as a Moderator of the Underestimation-of-Compliance Effect 

      Deri, Sebastian; Stein, Daniel H.; Bohns, Vanessa K. (Elsevier, 2019-05)
      Those seeking help systematically underestimate the likelihood that strangers will help them (Bohns, 2016). However, it is not known whether this same error persists when requesting help from people with whom we interact ...
    • Within State Transitions From 2-Year to 4-Year Public Institutions 

      Ehrenberg, Ronald G.; Smith, Christopher L. (2002-02-02)
      [Excerpt] Within many large states there are multiple 2-year and 4-year institutions. In 1998-99, only 19 states had less than 15 public 2-year institutions. Of the 31 states with 15 or more public 2-year institutions, ...
    • Women and Union Leadership in the UK and USA: First Findings From a Cross-National Research Project 

      Kirton, Gill; Healy, Geraldine; Alvarez, Sally; Lieberwitz, Risa; Gatta, Mary (2010-05-01)
      This is a report prepared for Cornell Conference on Women and Union Leadership held at Cornell University, New York City on May 8th 2010 and for Queen Mary/SERTUC Workshop on Women and Union Leadership held at Congress ...
    • Women's Pay in Australia, Great Britain and the United States: Commentary 

      Ehrenberg, Ronald G. (1989-01-01)
      [Excerpt] My reaction to this paper is mixed. On the one hand, it represents one of the few serious efforts I know of to place discussions about comparable worth in a comparative perspective and to bring evidence from other ...
    • Work Groups and Teams in Organizations 

      Kozlowski, Steve W. J.; Bell, Bradford S. (2001-01-01)
      [Excerpt] Our objective in this chapter is to provide an integrative perspective on work groups and teams in organizations, one that addresses primary foci of theory and research, highlights applied implications, and ...
    • Work Groups and Teams in Organizations: Review Update 

      Kozlowski, Steve W. J.; Bell, Bradford S. (2013-01-01)
      This review chapter examines the literature on work team effectiveness. To begin, we consider their nature, define them, and identify four critical conceptual issues—context, workflow, levels, and time—that serve as review ...
    • Work Injuries and Wage Losses for Partially Disabled California Workers: Discussion 

      Ehrenberg, Ronald G. (1976-01-01)
      [Excerpt] Wayne Vroman's paper is a modest preliminary report, which is derived from an ongoing research project concerned with permanent partial disabilities and workers' compensation. The larger project will develop and ...
    • Work Meaning Patterns in Early Career 

      Claes, Rita; Ruiz-Quintanilla, S. Antonio (1993-11-17)
      Work meaning patterns combine dimensions such as work centrality, expressive versus economic work goals, entitlement versus obligation societal norms into a holistic picture of the over time evolution of the meaning of ...
    • Work Organization, Technology, and Performance in Customer Service and Sales 

      Batt, Rosemary (1999-07-01)
      The author analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of Total Quality Management and Self-Managed Teams, as compared to mass production approaches to service delivery, among customer service and sales workers in a large unionized ...
    • Work Teams 

      Bell, Bradford S.; Kozlowski, Steve W. J. (2010-01-01)
      [Excerpt] Teams serve as the basic building blocks of modern organizations and represent a critical means by which work is accomplished in today's world. Therefore, significant research during the past few decades has been ...
    • Work Teams 

      Kozlowski, Steve W. J.; Bell, Bradford S. (2017-01-01)
      Work teams are composed of two or more individuals; who exist to perform organizationally relevant tasks; share one or more common goals; interact socially; exhibit interdependencies in task workflows, goals, and/or outcomes; ...
    • Work Teams 

      Kozlowski, Steve W. J.; Bell, Bradford S. (2004-01-01)
      Work teams are composed of two or more individuals; who exist to perform organizationally relevant tasks; share one or more common goals; interact socially; exhibit interdependencies in task workflows, goals, and/or outcomes; ...
    • Work-Life Integration: Challenges and Organizational Responses 

      Valcour, P. Monique; Batt, Rosemary (2003-01-01)
      Discussion of organizational responses to the challenges dual-earner couples face in integrating their work and family lives and of the effectiveness of various workplace characteristics and organizational initiatives for ...
    • Work-Unit Absenteeism: Effects of Satisfaction, Commitment, Labor Market Conditions, and Time 

      Hausknecht, John; Hiller, Nathan J.; Vance, Robert J. (2008-01-01)
      Prior research is limited in explaining absenteeism at the unit level and over time. We developed and tested a model of unit-level absenteeism using five waves of data collected over six years from 115 work units in a large ...
    • Worker Attitudes Towards Black Hard Core Trainees 

      Drotning, John E.; Lipsky, David B.; Foster, Howard; Fottler, Myron D. (1972-01-01)
      The reception which hard core black trainees receive from the rank and file employees with whom they are placed may have a critical impact on the success of the overall training program. This article reports on a study ...
    • Worker Centers and Labor Law Protections: Why Aren't They Having Their Cake? 

      Griffith, Kati L. (2015-05-01)
      [Excerpt] As private sector labor union membership in the United States dwindles, the number of worker centers continues to grow. In 1985, there were just five worker centers in the United States.' Today there are more ...