The Use of Fixed-Rate and Floating-Rate Debt for Hotels
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Corgel, John B.; Gibson, Scott
A time-series simulation that compares hotel-industry revenue per available room (RevPAR) with London Interbank Offer Rate (LIBOR) indicates that hotel investors would fare more favorably with floating-rate loans than with the commonly used fixed-rate financing. Using data from 1987 through 2004, the study determined that LIBOR and RevPAR changes are strongly correlated, indicating a relationship of RevPAR and floating interest rates. Moreover, a simulation found that hotels using variable-rate mortgages would have been more likely to cover debt service in good times and bad than would hotels financed with fixed-rate loans. The correlation was strongest for midscale, limited-service properties but also operated for budget and resort deals. The relationship of RevPAR with floating rates suggests a reduction in the costs to borrowers and lenders arising from distressed loans.
hotel financing; fixed-rate and floating-rate mortgages; debt-service coverage; RevPAR
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