The Effect of Culture on the Curvilinear Relationship Between Performance Turnover
Sturman, Michael C.; Shao, Lian; Katz, Jan H.
Although researchers have theorized that there exists a curvilinear relationship between job performance and voluntary turnover, their research has been tested in the United States or culturally similar Switzerland. Through a study of the performance-turnover relationship from a multinational service-oriented organization in 24 countries, we demonstrate that the general relationship between performance and turnover is similar across countries but the details of that relationship change across countries. Using 4 cultural dimensions--in-group collectivism, power distance, uncertainty avoidance, and performance orientation--we find that cultural factors alter the overall probability of voluntary turnover and influence the degree of curvilinearity in the performance-turnover relationship. Our findings have implications for research on the performance-turnover relationship, turnover research, and practice.
culture; collectivism; hierarchical linear-models; performance; turnover
Required Publisher Statement: © American Psychological Association. Final version published as: Sturman, M. C., Shao, L., & Katz, J. H. (2012). The effect of culture on the curvilinear relationship between performance and turnover. Journal of Applied Psychology, 97(1), 46-62. Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved.