Applying Trained Skills on the Job: The Importance of the Work Environment
Tracey, J. Bruce; Tannenbaum, Scott I.; Kavanagh, Michael J.
The influence of the work environment on the transfer of newly trained supervisory skills was examined. Participants were 505 supermarket managers from 52 stores. The work environment was operationalized in terms of transfer of training climate and continuous-learning culture. Climate and culture were hypothesized to have both direct and moderating effects on posttraining behaviors. Accounting for pretraining behaviors and knowledge gained in training, the results from a series of LISREL analyses showed that both climate and culture were directly related to posttraining behaviors. In particular, the social support system appeared to play a central role in the transfer of training. Moderating effects were not found. Implications for enhancing the transfer of training are discussed.
management; training; supervisors; posttraining behaviors
Required Publisher Statement: © America Psychological Association. Final version published as: Tracey, J. B., Tannenbaum, S. I., & Kavanagh, M. J. (1995). Applying trained skills on the job: The importance of the work environment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 80(2), 239-252. Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved.This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.