Dependence Flow Graphs: An Algebraic Approach to Program Dependencies
Pingali, Keshav; Beck, Micah; Johnson, Richard C.; Moudgill, Mayan; Stodghill, Paul
The topic of intermediate languages for optimizing and parallelizing compilers has received much attention lately. In this paper, we argue that any good representation must have two crucial properties: first, the representation of a program must be a data structure that can be rapidly traversed to determine dependence information; second, the representation must be a program in its own right, with a parallel, local, model of execution. In this paper, we illustrate the importance of these points by examining algorithms for standard optimization-global constant propagation. We discuss the problems in working with current representations. Then, we propose a novel representation called the dependence flow graph which has each of the properties mentioned above. In this representation, dependencies are part of the computational mode, in that there is an algebra of operators over dependencies. We show that this representation leads to a simple algorithm, based on abstract interpretation, for solving the constant propagation problem. Our algorithm is simpler than, and as fast as, the best known algorithms for the problem. An interesting feature of our representation is that it naturally incorporates the best aspects of many other representations, including continuation-passing style, data and program dependence graphs, static single assignment form and dataflow program graphs.
computer science; technical report
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