Some Nested Dissection Order is Nearly Optimal
Gilbert, John R.
The minimum fill problem is to reorder the rows and columns of a given sparse symmetric matrix so that its triangular factor is as sparse as possible. Equivalently, it is to find the smallest set of edges whose addition makes a given undirected graph chordal. The problem is known to be NP-complete, and no polynomial-time approximation algorithms are known that provide any nontrivial guarantee for arbitrary graphs (matrices), although some heuristics perform well in practice. Nested dissection is one such heuristic. In this note we prove that every graph with a fixed bound on vertex degree has a nested dissection order that achieves fill within a factor of $O(\logn)$ of minimum. This does not lead to a polynomial-time approximation algorithm, however, because the proof does not give an efficient method for finding the separators required by nested dissection.
computer science; technical report
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