Dairy Farm Business Summary: Intensive Grazing Farms New York 1998
Conneman, George; Grace, James; Karszes, Jason; Marshman, Sheila; Staehr, Ed; Torbert, Laura; Putnam, Linda D.; Casey, Bill; Degni, Janice
Dairy farm managers throughout New York State have been participating in Cornell Cooperative Extension's farm business summary and analysis program since the early 1950's. Managers of each participating farm business receive a comprehensive summary and analysis of the farm business. The farms included in the study are a subset of New York State farms participating in the Dairy Farm Business Summary (DFBS). Sixty-five farms indicated that they grazed dairy cows at least three months, moving to a fresh paddock at least every three days and more than 30% of the forage consumed during the growing season was from grazing. Operators of these 65 farms were asked to complete a grazing practices survey. Thirty-four of the farms did complete it. The investigators had special interest in practices used on farms with above average profitability. Therefore the study centered on 29 farms which were not first year grazers and on which at least 40 percent of forage consumed during the grazing season was grazed. These 29 farms were divided on the basis of labor and management income per operator per cow above and below $193 which was the average for all farms participating in DFBS. Thirteen farms with labor and management income per operator per cow above $193 are in the “Above Average” group and sixteen farms with labor and management income per operator per cow below $193 comprise the “Below Average” group.