EEB Papers - Robert Howarth
Professor Howarth is the David R. Atkinson Professor of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Cornell University. He is a biogeochemist and ecosystem scientist, an active research scientist who also enjoys teaching and is deeply involved in the environmental management and policy communities in the State, nationally, and internationally. His training was in oceanography, and much of his research still focuses on coastal marine ecosystems. However, he also works on freshwater systems (both rivers and lakes) and on large river basins.
Professor Howarth's research laboratory works broadly on human alteration of element cycles (particularly nutrients) in coastal marine ecosystems and in the watersheds that feed them. He also works on the environmental consequences of energy systems, particularly from oil and gas development and from biofuels, emphasizing water quality and greenhouse gas emissions. Specific current topics of study include:
- The biogeochemical feedbacks which may either aggravate or partially ameliorate eutrophication that occurs in seagrass-dominated systems as nutrient loads increase;
- The influences of climate change, land use, and management practices on the export of nutrients and sediment from large river basins;
- The importance of dry deposition of nitrogen gases from the atmosphere (particularly in the near proximity of vehicle emissions) as a source of nutrient pollution to coastal waters;
- The environmental consequences of biofuels;
- The greenhouse gas footprint of natural gas extracted from shale formations such as the Marcellus shale.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9531-4288
Anthropogenic phosphorus inputs to a river basin and their impacts on riverine phosphorus fluxes along its upstream-downstream continuum (Wiley, 2017-12-23)The increasing trend in riverine phosphorus (P) loads resulting from anthropogenic inputs has gained wide attention because of the well-known role of P in eutrophication. So far, however, there is still limited scientific ...
(National Academy of Sciences, 2014-04-29)The identification and quantification of methane emissions from natural gas production has become increasingly important owing to the increase in the natural gas component of the energy sector. An instrumented aircraft ...
(Wiley, 1986-08-01)Stable isotopes of sulfur and carbon were used to trace the dominant flows of organic matter from producers to macroconsumers in Great Sippewissett Salt Marsh on Cape Cod. Spartina alterniflora and sulfur-oxidizing bacteria ...
(Wiley, 2003-06-01)Changes to the global nitrogen cycle affect human health well beyond the associated benefits of increased food production. Many intensively fertilized crops become animal feed, helping to create disparities in world food ...
(Wiley, 1997-08-01)Nitrogen is a key element controlling the species composition, diversity, dynamics, and functioning of many terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecosystems. Many of the original plant species living in these ecosystems are ...