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dc.contributor.authorDror, Asaf Jeff
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-03T19:27:53Z
dc.date.available2018-10-03T19:27:53Z
dc.date.issued2017-12-30
dc.identifier.otherDror_cornellgrad_0058F_10555
dc.identifier.otherhttp://dissertations.umi.com/cornellgrad:10555
dc.identifier.otherbibid: 10474218
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1813/59115
dc.description.abstractThis thesis explores two dominant frontiers of theoretical physics, high energy colliders and hidden sectors. The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is just starting to reach its maximum operational capabilities. However, already with the current data, large classes of models are being put under significant pressure. It is crucial to understand whether the (thus far) null results are a consequence of a lack of solution to the hierarchy problem around the weak scale or requires expanding the search strategy employed at the LHC. It is the duty of the current generation of physicists to design new searches to ensure that no stone is left unturned. To this end, we study the sensitivity of the LHC to the couplings in the Standard Model top sector. We find it can significantly improve the measurements on Zt R t R coupling by a novel search strategy, making use of an implied unitarity violation in such models. Analogously, we show that other couplings in the top sector can also be measured with the same technique. Furthermore, we critically analyze a set of anomalies in the LHC data and how they may appear from consistent UV completions. We also propose a technique to measure lifetimes of new colored particles with non-trivial spin. While the high energy frontier will continue to take data, it is likely the only collider of its kind for the next couple decades. On the other hand, low-energy experiments have a promising future with many new proposed experiments to probe the existence of particles well below the weak scale but with small couplings to the Standard Model. In this work we survey the different possibilities, focusingon the constraints as well as possible new hidden sector dynamics. In particular, we show that vector portals which couple to an anomalous current, e.g., baryon number, are significantly constrained from flavor changing meson decays and rare Z decays. Furthermore, we present a new mechanism for dark matter freezeout which depletes the dark sector through an out-of-equilibrium decay into the Standard Model.
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subjectParticle physics
dc.subjecthigh energy
dc.subjectDark Matter
dc.subjectP
dc.titleHIGH ENERGY COLLIDERS AND HIDDEN SECTORS
dc.typedissertation or thesis
thesis.degree.disciplinePhysics
thesis.degree.grantorCornell University
thesis.degree.levelDoctor of Philosophy
thesis.degree.namePh. D., Physics
dc.contributor.chairGrossman, Yuval
dc.contributor.committeeMemberCsaki, Csaba
dc.contributor.committeeMemberThom-Levy, Julia
dcterms.licensehttps://hdl.handle.net/1813/59810
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.7298/X43J3B57


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