Fifty Years of Regional Inequality in China: A Journey Through Revolution, Reform and Openness
Kanbur, Ravi; Zhang, Xiaobo
This paper constructs and analyses a long run time series for regional inequality in China from the Communist Revolution to the present. There have been three peaks of inequality in the last fifty years, coinciding with the Great Famine of the late 1950s, the Cultural Revolution of the late 1960s and 1970s, and finally the period of openness and global integration in the late 1990s. Econometric analysis establishes that regional inequality is explained in the different phases by three key variables--the ratio of heavy industry to gross output value, the degree of centralization, and the degree of openness.
WP 2001-04 April 2001JEL Classification Codes: D63; O18; P27
Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, Cornell University
inequality; polarisation; decentralization; industrialization; openness; globalization; Chinese economy