The Cornell NanoScale Science & Technology Facility (CNF) has served the US research community for more than 25 years. Subjects of research encompass physical sciences, life sciences, and engineering, particularly with inter-disciplinary emphasis. During 2002, nearly 350 Cornell and 350 external users utilized the fabrication, synthesis, characterization, and integration resources of CNF to build structures, devices, and systems from atomic to complex large-scales.

For more information, go to the CNF Home Page.

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Recent Submissions

  • Polar Effects on the Thermal Conductivity of Cubic Boron Nitride under Pressure 

    Mukhopadhyay, Saikat; Stewart, Derek (American Physical Society, 2014-07-07)
    We report the lattice thermal conductivity (κ) of cubic boron nitride (c-BN) under pressure calculated using density functional theory. Pressure was used to manipulate the c-BN phonon dispersion and study its effect on ...
  • Phonon Transport in Isotope-Disordered Carbon and Boron-Nitride Nanotubes: Is Localization Observable? 

    Savic, Ivana; Mingo, Natalio; Stewart, Derek (American Physical Society, 2008-10-13)
    We present an ab initio study which identifies dominant effects leading to thermal conductivity reductions in carbon and boron-nitride nanotubes with isotope disorder. Our analysis reveals that, contrary to previous ...
  • Thermal conduction mechanisms in boron nitride nanotubes: Few-shell versus all-shell conduction 

    Savic, Ivana; Stewart, Derek; Mingo, Natalio (American Physical Society, 2008-12-29)
    It has been argued that the experimentally observed limitation of heat transport through boron nitride nanotubes is due to intershell scattering rather than to inefficient heat transfer to inner shells. Using an atomistic ...
  • Contribution of d-band electrons to ballistic transport and scattering during electron-phonon nonequilibrium in nanoscale Au films using an ab initio density of states 

    Hopkins, Patrick; Stewart, Derek (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2009-09-08)
    Electron-interface scattering during electron-phonon nonequilibrium in thin films creates another pathway for electron system energy loss as characteristic lengths of thin films continue to decrease. As power densities ...
  • First principles study of the phonon dispersion and dielectric properties of wurtzite InP: Role of In 4d electrons 

    Mukhopadhyay, Saikat; Stewart, Derek (American Physical Society, 2014-02-13)
    Although wurtzite InP nanowires have recently been grown, an accurate description of the wurtzite InP phonon dispersion is still missing. We calculate the ab initio phonon dispersion of wurtzite and zinc-blende InP using ...
  • Ultrafast thermoelectric properties of gold under conditions of strong electron-phonon nonequilibrium 

    Hopkins, Patrick; Bauer, Matthew; Duda, John; Smoyer, Justin; English, Timothy; Norris, Pamela; Beechem, Thomas; Stewart, Derek (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2010-11-23)
    The electronic scattering rates in metals after ultrashort pulsed laser heating can be drastically different than those predicted from free electron theory. The large electron temperature achieved after ultrashort pulsed ...
  • Thermal conductivity of bulk and nanowire Mg2Si_{x}Sn_{1-x} alloys from first principles 

    Li, Wu; Lindsay, Lucas; David, Broido; Stewart, Derek; Mingo, Natalio (American Physical Society, 2012-11-29)
    The lattice thermal conductivity (κ) of the thermoelectric materials, Mg2Si, Mg2Sn, and their alloys, are calculated for bulk and nanowires, without adjustable parameters. We find good agreement with bulk experimental ...
  • Chemical ordering in Cr3Al and relation to semiconducting behavior 

    Boekelheide, Zoe; Stewart, Derek; Hellman, Frances (American Physical Society, 2012-08-15)
    Cr3Al shows semiconductor-like behavior which has been attributed to a combination of antiferromagnetism and chemical ordering of the Cr and Al atoms on the bcc sublattice. This article presents a detailed theoretical and ...
  • Antiferromagnetism in Cr3Al and relation to semiconducting behavior 

    Boekelheide, Zoe; Saerbeck, Thomas; Stampfl, Anton; Robinson, Robert; Stewart, Derek; Hellman, Frances (American Physical Society, 2012-03-09)
    Antiferromagnetism and chemical ordering have both been previously suggested as causes of the observed semiconductorlike behavior in Cr3Al. Two films of Cr3Al(001)/MgO(001) were grown under different conditions to achieve ...
  • Thermal conductivity of diamond nanowires from first principles 

    Li, Wu; Mingo, Natalio; Lindsay, Lucas; Broido, David; Stewart, Derek; Katcho, Nebil (American Physical Society, 2012-05-17)
    Using ab initio calculations we have investigated the thermal conductivity (k) of diamond nanowires, unveiling unusual features unique to this system. In sharp contrast with Si, k(T) of diamond nanowires as thick as 400 ...
  • Role of light and heavy embedded nanoparticles on the thermal conductivity of SiGe alloys 

    Kundu, Anupam; Mingo, Natalio; Broido, David; Stewart, Derek (American Physical Society, 2011-09-09)
    We have used an atomistic ab initio approach with no adjustable parameters to compute the lattice thermal conductivity of Si0.5Ge0.5 with a low concentration of embedded Si or Ge nanoparticles of diameters up to 4.4 nm. ...
  • Thermal conductivity of indium arsenide nanowires with wurtzite and zinc blende phases 

    Zhou, Feng; Moore, Arden; Bolinsson, Jessica; Persson, Ann; Froberg, Linus; Pettes, Michael; Kong, Huijun; Rabenberg, Lew; Caroff, Philippe; Stewart, Derek; Mingo, Natalio; Dick, Kimberly; Samuelson, Lars; Linke, Heiner; Shi, Li (American Physical Society, 2011-05-19)
    The thermal conductivity of wurtzite and zinc blende indium arsenide nanowires was measured using a microfabricated device, with the crystal structure of each sample controlled during growth and determined by transmission ...
  • Band Gap and Electronic structure of an Epitaxial, Semiconducting Cr0.80Al0.20 Thin Film 

    Boekelheide, Z.; Gray, A. X.; Papp, C.; Balke, B.; Stewart, D. A.; Ueda, S.; Kobayashi, K.; Hellman, F.; Fadley, C. S. (American Physical Society, 2010-12-03)
    Cr(1-x)Alx exhibits semiconducting behavior for x=0.15-0.26. This Letter uses hard x-ray photoemission spectroscopy and density functional theory to further understand the semiconducting behavior. Photoemission measurements ...
  • Cluster scattering effects on phonon conduction in graphene 

    Mingo, Natalio; Esfarjani, Keivan; Broido, David; Stewart, Derek (American Physical Society, 2010-01-13)
    The phonon-scattering cross section associated with isotopic clusters is evaluated from first principles and used to estimate the reduction in thermal conductance of wide graphene samples. A strong sensitivity of the ...
  • Ab initio theory of the lattice thermal conductivity in diamond 

    Ward, Alistair; Broido, David; Stewart, Derek; Deinzer, Gernot (American Physical Society, 2009-09-16)
    We present a first-principles theoretical approach to calculate the lattice thermal conductivity of diamond based on an exact solution of the Boltzmann transport equation. Density-functional perturbation theory is employed ...
  • Ab initio investigation of phonon dispersion and anomalies in palladium 

    Stewart, Derek (IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsch Physikalische Gesellschaft, 2008-04-14)
    In recent years, palladium has proven to be a crucial component for devices ranging from nanotube field effect transistors to advanced hydrogen storage devices. In this work, I examine the phonon dispersion of fcc Pd using ...
  • Phonon transmission through defects in carbon nanotubes from first principles 

    Mingo, Natalio; Stewart, Derek A; Broido, David A; Srivastava, Deepak (American Physical Society, 2008-01-30)
    We compute the effect of different isolated defects on the phonon transmission through carbon nanotubes, using an ab initio density functional approach. The problem of translational and rotational invariance fulfillment in ...
  • Ab-initio study of polarizability and induced charge densities in multilayer graphene films 

    Yu, Eric; Stewart, Derek; Tiwari, Sandip (American Physical Society, 2008-05-06)
    We present an ab initio analysis of polarization of multilayer graphene systems under applied electric fields. The effects of applied electric fields are calculated using a Berry phase approach within a plane-wave ...
  • Intrinsic lattice thermal conductivity of semiconductors from first principles 

    Broido, David; Malorny, Michael; Birner, Gerd; Mingo, Natalio; Stewart, Derek (American Institute of Physics, 2007-12-07)
    We present an ab initio theoretical approach to accurately describe phonon thermal transport in semiconductors and insulators free of adjustable parameters. This technique combines a Boltzmann transport formalism with ...
  • Magnetism in Coaxial Palladium Nanowires 

    Stewart, Derek (American Institute of Physics, 2007-03-21)
    While bulk palladium is non-magnetic, several recent studies have shown that magnetism can occur in hcp Pd films, fcc twinned Pd nanoparticles, and Pd atomic strands. These studies show that small changes in Pd atomic ...

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