Now showing items 1-20 of 95

    • Managing Drought Risks in the Low-Rainfall Areas of the Middle East and North Africa 

      Hazell, Peter (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      The need to improve methods for managing drought risks in the low-rainfall areas of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has increased in recent decades as population growth and climate change have contributed to greater ...
    • HIV/AIDS, Gender, and Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa 

      Philipose, Anandita (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      HIV/AIDS continues to spread across the world at a rapid rate, with close to 5 million new HIV infections in 2006 alone. Sub-Saharan Africa, the worst-affected region, is home to two-thirds of all adults and children with ...
    • Niger's Famine and the Role of Food Aid 

      Lewin, Alexandra C. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Since the mid-1970s Niger has suffered from political instability and corruption. Following a 1996 coup, the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) worked with Niger to implement various structural adjustment ...
    • Food Safety: The Case of Aflatoxin 

      Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Naturally occurring toxins such as aflatoxins pose profound challenges to food safety in both developed and developing countries. The knowledge that aflatoxins can have serious effects on humans and animals has led many ...
    • Biofortification as a Vitamin A Deficiency Intervention in Kenya 

      Mwaniki, Angela (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Vitamin A deficiency is a serious global nutritional problem that particularly affects preschool-age children. Current efforts to combat micronutrient malnutrition in the developing world focus on providing vitamin and ...
    • Biofortification in a Food Chain Approach in West Africa 

      Slingerland, Maja (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      About 800 million people suffer from hunger, but even more suffer from micronutrient malnutrition, also called “hidden hunger.” Iodine, vitamin A, iron, and zinc malnutrition are major concerns. About 2 billion people, ...
    • The Nutrition Transition in Chile 

      Vio del Rio, Fernando (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      The nutrition transition in Chile has occurred very rapidly. In particular, obesity rates in all age groups have increased instead of decreasing, despite the goals established by the Ministry of Health (MOH) for the period ...
    • Iron Deficiency in Bangladesh 

      Mwaniki, Angela (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Iron deficiency, the most prevalent micronutrient deficiency in the world, affects more than 2 billion people. In Bangladesh it affects about half of all children and more than 70 percent of all women. The main cause of ...
    • Salmonella Control in Denmark and the EU 

      Christensen, Tove; Andersen, Lill (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Potential food safety hazards include foodborne pathogens,1 use of antibiotics leading to resistant bacteria, chemical residuals in food products, medicine residues, growth hormones, and genetically modified organisms. The ...
    • Surviving Shocks in Ethiopia: The Role of Social Protection for Food Security 

      Hiensch, Annick (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Ethiopia has suffered from frequent disasters such as droughts, famines, epidemics, floods, landslides, earthquakes, civil wars, and mass displacement, as well as rapid declines in major export commodity prices. The ...
    • Food Policy and Social Movements: Reflections on the Right to Food Campaign in India 

      Srinivasan, Vivek; Narayanan, Sudha (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      The Right to Food Campaign in India began in 2001. It was a time of absurd paradox. Even as the foodgrain stocks held by the government rose to 50 million metric tons, several parts of the country were reeling from a third ...
    • Food Price Stabilization Policies in a Globalizing World 

      Rashid, Shahidur (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      This case examines various aspects of food price instability. It focuses on (1) the sources of price instability, (2) various policy options and the conditions under which they are viable, and (3) experiences with both ...
    • Enhancing Smallholder Farmers' Market Competitiveness in Tanzania 

      Kawa, Ibrahim; Kaitira, Loyce M. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Tanzanian agriculture is dominated by small-scale subsistence farming. Like the entire economy, agriculture is in a transition from being a command to a market-based production system. The transition process started in the ...
    • Rural Road Investments, Agricultural Development, and Poverty Alleviation in China 

      Shimokawa, Satoru (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Beginning in late 1978, China adopted a series of policy and institutional reforms and achieved rapid economic growth and poverty reduction. National gross domestic product (GDP) grew at more than 9 percent a year from ...
    • Small-Farm Access to High-Value Horticultural Markets in Kenya 

      Dever, Joseph (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      The goals of poverty alleviation and rural agricultural development have long been elusive among poor Sub-Saharan Africa countries. Rural areas still lag behind urban ones in economic growth, and formerly lucrative export ...
    • Smallholder Farmers' Access to Markets for High-Value Agricultural Commodities in India 

      Birthal, P. S.; Joshi, P. K. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Sustained economic and income growth, a fastgrowing urban population, and the increasing integration of global agri-food markets are fueling rapid growth in demand for high-value food commodities in India. This is an ...
    • The 2002 Malawi Famine 

      Phillips, Erica (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Famine has been described as “a catastrophic disruption of the social, economic, and institutional systems that provide for food production, distribution, and consumption” (von Braun et al. 1998). Famines have occurred in ...
    • Persistent Food Insecurity from Policy Failures in Malawi 

      Babu, Suresh; Sanyal, Prabuddha (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Even in the era of globalization, several countries in Africa continue to face chronic and persistent food insecurity. Malawi is one such country. Following a weather shock in 2001, Malawi suffered severe food crises during ...
    • The Growing Trend of Farmers' Markets in the United States 

      Phillips, Erica (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Farmers' markets have surged in popularity in the United States during the past 30 years. Since the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) began collecting information on farmers' markets in 1994, the number of markets ...
    • A Revolution in the Making: The Case of Agro-Food Retailing in India 

      Narayanan, Sudha (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Recent discussions of global agro-food systems have turned the spotlight on food retailing. Observers concur that globalization has been accompanied by, and may have aided, retail concentration in agro-food markets. This ...