Now showing items 1-20 of 95

    • Intrahousehold Allocation, Gender Relations, and Food Security in Developing Countries 

      Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Smith, Lisa C. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Many important decisions that affect development outcomes are made by households and families. What factors affect the way resources are allocated within the household? Why does the division of rights, resources, and ...
    • PROGRESA: An Integrated Approach to Poverty Alleviation in Mexico 

      Gantner, Leigh (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      In 1997 the government of Mexico implemented PROGRESA (Programa de Educación, Salud, y Alimenación), an integrated approach to poverty alleviation through the development of human capital. PROGRESA was one part of a larger ...
    • Income Disparity in China and Its Policy Implications 

      Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      China’s economy has witnessed considerable achievements since economic reforms were initiated in 1978. Average overall gross domestic product (GDP) has grown approximately 9 percent annually during the past two decades. ...
    • Food Policy and Social Movements: Reflections on the Right to Food Campaign in India 

      Srinivasan, Vivek; Narayanan, Sudha (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      The Right to Food Campaign in India began in 2001. It was a time of absurd paradox. Even as the foodgrain stocks held by the government rose to 50 million metric tons, several parts of the country were reeling from a third ...
    • Surviving Shocks in Ethiopia: The Role of Social Protection for Food Security 

      Hiensch, Annick (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Ethiopia has suffered from frequent disasters such as droughts, famines, epidemics, floods, landslides, earthquakes, civil wars, and mass displacement, as well as rapid declines in major export commodity prices. The ...
    • A Revolution in the Making: The Case of Agro-Food Retailing in India 

      Narayanan, Sudha (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Recent discussions of global agro-food systems have turned the spotlight on food retailing. Observers concur that globalization has been accompanied by, and may have aided, retail concentration in agro-food markets. This ...
    • Small-Farm Access to High-Value Horticultural Markets in Kenya 

      Dever, Joseph (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      The goals of poverty alleviation and rural agricultural development have long been elusive among poor Sub-Saharan Africa countries. Rural areas still lag behind urban ones in economic growth, and formerly lucrative export ...
    • Smallholder Farmers' Access to Markets for High-Value Agricultural Commodities in India 

      Birthal, P. S.; Joshi, P. K. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Sustained economic and income growth, a fastgrowing urban population, and the increasing integration of global agri-food markets are fueling rapid growth in demand for high-value food commodities in India. This is an ...
    • Contract Farming in Developing Countries: Patterns, Impact, and Policy Implications 

      Minot, Nicholas (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Contract farming may be defined as agricultural production carried out according to a prior agreement in which the farmer commits to producing a given product in a given manner and the buyer commits to purchasing it. Often, ...
    • The Growing Trend of Farmers' Markets in the United States 

      Phillips, Erica (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Farmers' markets have surged in popularity in the United States during the past 30 years. Since the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) began collecting information on farmers' markets in 1994, the number of markets ...
    • Zambia and Genetically Modified Food Aid 

      Lewin, Alexandra C. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      In 2002 the Zambian government rejected 35,000 tons of food aid because of the possibility that it could be genetically modified (GM). During this time roughly 3 million people in Zambia faced severe food shortages and ...
    • The Policy Process of Increasing Micronutrient Programming in India 

      Herforth, Anna (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Deficiencies of micronutrients—particularly iron, iodine, vitamin A, zinc, and folic acid—wreak havoc on survival, health, and productivity around the world. Micronutrient deficiencies are often called “hidden hunger” ...
    • Biofortification in a Food Chain Approach in West Africa 

      Slingerland, Maja (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      About 800 million people suffer from hunger, but even more suffer from micronutrient malnutrition, also called “hidden hunger.” Iodine, vitamin A, iron, and zinc malnutrition are major concerns. About 2 billion people, ...
    • Biofortification as a Vitamin A Deficiency Intervention in Kenya 

      Mwaniki, Angela (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Vitamin A deficiency is a serious global nutritional problem that particularly affects preschool-age children. Current efforts to combat micronutrient malnutrition in the developing world focus on providing vitamin and ...
    • The Nutrition Transition and Obesity in China 

      Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Before China’s economic reforms of the late 1970s, the typical Chinese diet consisted primarily of grain products and starchy roots, with few animal source foods, caloric sweeteners, or fruits and vegetables. Since the ...
    • Iron Deficiency in Bangladesh 

      Mwaniki, Angela (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Iron deficiency, the most prevalent micronutrient deficiency in the world, affects more than 2 billion people. In Bangladesh it affects about half of all children and more than 70 percent of all women. The main cause of ...
    • The Nutrition Transition in Chile 

      Vio del Rio, Fernando (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      The nutrition transition in Chile has occurred very rapidly. In particular, obesity rates in all age groups have increased instead of decreasing, despite the goals established by the Ministry of Health (MOH) for the period ...
    • Salmonella Control in Denmark and the EU 

      Christensen, Tove; Andersen, Lill (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Potential food safety hazards include foodborne pathogens,1 use of antibiotics leading to resistant bacteria, chemical residuals in food products, medicine residues, growth hormones, and genetically modified organisms. The ...
    • The Impact of Food for Education Programs in Bangladesh 

      Ahmed, Akhter U.; Babu, Suresh C. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Educating children can help them and their families to move out of poverty. Yet even with free tuition, the cost of attaining education remains high for poor families in developing countries owing to competing demands on ...
    • Food Safety: The Case of Aflatoxin 

      Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Naturally occurring toxins such as aflatoxins pose profound challenges to food safety in both developed and developing countries. The knowledge that aflatoxins can have serious effects on humans and animals has led many ...