Now showing items 1-20 of 95

    • Policy Implications of Droughts and Food Insecurity in Malawi and Zambia 

      Philipose, Anandita (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      This paper examines the recent droughts in Malawi and Zambia (covering the period 1990–2005 but with a focus on the 2001/2002 Southern African crisis), analyzing the impact of the droughts on food security and the responses ...
    • Famine and Food Insecurity in Ethiopia 

      von Braun, Joachim; Olofinbiyi, Tolulope (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Ethiopia, the second most populous country in Sub-Saharan Africa, is home to about 75 million people. The country has a tropical monsoon climate characterized by wide topographic-induced variations. With rainfall highly ...
    • Preference Erosion, the Doha Round, and African LDCs 

      Yu, Wusheng (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      African least-developed countries (ALDCs) have enjoyed preferential treatment in exporting their agricultural products to developed countries. Reductions of agricultural trade barriers on a mostfavored nation (MFN) basis ...
    • Meeting Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Standards: What Can China Do? 

      Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      It is widely recognized that rising sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) standards have created numerous obstacles to the international exchange of agricultural commodities. The issue is of particular importance for developing ...
    • Tariff Escalation in World Agricultural Trade 

      Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Tariff escalation, a common practice in international commodity trade, refers to a situation where tariffs are zero or low on primary products and increase, or escalate, as products undergo processing. It causes the price ...
    • The Coffee Crisis: Is Fair Trade the Solution? 

      Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Coffee is an important crop widely grown in the developing world. The economies of some countries, particularly those in Central America and parts of Africa, are highly dependent on coffee as a source of both national ...
    • The Textile and Clothing Agreements 

      Shemin, Jill S. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Demand for textiles and clothing (T&C) has been rising quickly in the developed world (the European Union and United States), and it is forecast to grow further in the future. At the same time, especially during the past ...
    • Globalization and the Nutrition Transition: A Case Study 

      Hawkes, Corinna (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      In the current “nutrition transition,” the consumption of high-calorie, nutrient-poor foods high in fats and sweeteners is increasing throughout the developing world. The nutrition transition, implicated in the rapid rise ...
    • Trade Liberalization in South Korea's Rice Sector: Some Policy Implications 

      Hong, Sukjong; Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      The tension between the liberalizing agenda of the World Trade Organzation (WTO) and the policies of industrial-country members of the WTO has been framed as a battle between developed countries and less-developed countries. ...
    • The Impact of U.S. Subsidies on West African Cotton Production 

      Woodward, Andrea R. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Cotton subsidies and their impact on international prices and on the livelihoods of poor African cotton farmers have become a central focus of the Doha Development Round of World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations. ...
    • CAFTA's Impact on U.S. Raw Cane Sugar Trade 

      Lewin, Alexandra C. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Sugar trade has been at the heart of many international trade agreements. Sugar is one of the largest agricultural industries in the United States and thus is a sensitive commodity. Groups around the world have a vested ...
    • U.S. Farm Policy Reforms: Domestic and International Implications 

      Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      With the Doha Round of World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations at a standstill, substantial liberalization of agricultural trade remains elusive. One obstacle to progress is that “dirty decoupling” of farm subsidies ...
    • Linkages between Government Spending, Growth, and Poverty in India and China 

      Fan, Shenggen (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      The objective of this case study is to present a synthesis of the links between government spending— in areas such as agricultural research and development (R&D), irrigation, rural education, and infrastructure (including ...
    • Producer Subsidies and Decoupling in the European Union and the United States 

      Jensen, Maria Skovager; Zobbe, Henrik (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Since 1986 agriculture has been a major part of multilateral trade negotiations under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), and since 1995 under the World Trade Organization (WTO). The main objective of these ...
    • Linkages between Government Spending, Growth, and Poverty in Uganda and Tanzania 

      Fan, Shenggen (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      This case study presents a synthesis of the links between government spending— in areas such as agricultural research and development (R&D), irrigation, rural education, and infrastructure (including roads, electricity, ...
    • The WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism and Developing Countries: The Brazil–U.S. Cotton Case 

      Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      The Dispute Settlement Mechanism (DSM) of the World Trade Organization (WTO) is often seen as one of the major achievements of the multilateral trading system. Many believe that the WTO DSM has introduced greater “legalism” ...
    • Cambodia's WTO Accession 

      Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Since the creation of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995 with 128 members, an additional 21 countries have successfully acceded to the organization. On October 13, 2004, Cambodia became the WTO's 148th member, ...
    • The Sugar Controversy 

      Vio, Fernando; Uauy, Ricardo (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Sugar, one of the world's most important food commodities, provides a high percentage of calories for the population in many countries. But consumption of calories either as sugar or fat by sedentary populations promotes ...
    • Coffee, Policy, and Stability in Mexico 

      Ávalos-Sartorio, Beatriz (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      The fact that poor people will resort to violence to change the political and economic system that they believe is responsible for their poverty is not new. The link between poverty, violence, and instability has started ...
    • Policy Measures for Pastoralists in Niger 

      Phillips, Erica (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Pastoralism is often misunderstood, labeled “backward” and “irrational,” and considered environmentally destructive by many policy makers. Bias toward settled farmers has historically dominated research institutions, ...