Now showing items 55-74 of 95

    • Niger's Famine and the Role of Food Aid 

      Lewin, Alexandra C. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Since the mid-1970s Niger has suffered from political instability and corruption. Following a 1996 coup, the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) worked with Niger to implement various structural adjustment ...
    • Persistent Food Insecurity from Policy Failures in Malawi 

      Babu, Suresh; Sanyal, Prabuddha (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Even in the era of globalization, several countries in Africa continue to face chronic and persistent food insecurity. Malawi is one such country. Following a weather shock in 2001, Malawi suffered severe food crises during ...
    • Policy Implications of Droughts and Food Insecurity in Malawi and Zambia 

      Philipose, Anandita (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      This paper examines the recent droughts in Malawi and Zambia (covering the period 1990–2005 but with a focus on the 2001/2002 Southern African crisis), analyzing the impact of the droughts on food security and the responses ...
    • Policy Measures for Pastoralists in Niger 

      Phillips, Erica (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Pastoralism is often misunderstood, labeled “backward” and “irrational,” and considered environmentally destructive by many policy makers. Bias toward settled farmers has historically dominated research institutions, ...
    • Preference Erosion, the Doha Round, and African LDCs 

      Yu, Wusheng (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      African least-developed countries (ALDCs) have enjoyed preferential treatment in exporting their agricultural products to developed countries. Reductions of agricultural trade barriers on a mostfavored nation (MFN) basis ...
    • Producer Subsidies and Decoupling in the European Union and the United States 

      Jensen, Maria Skovager; Zobbe, Henrik (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Since 1986 agriculture has been a major part of multilateral trade negotiations under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), and since 1995 under the World Trade Organization (WTO). The main objective of these ...
    • PROGRESA: An Integrated Approach to Poverty Alleviation in Mexico 

      Gantner, Leigh (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      In 1997 the government of Mexico implemented PROGRESA (Programa de Educación, Salud, y Alimenación), an integrated approach to poverty alleviation through the development of human capital. PROGRESA was one part of a larger ...
    • Pros and Cons of Cotton Production in Uzbekistan 

      Djanibekov, Nodir; Rudenko, Inna; Lamers, John P. A.; Bobojonov, Ihtiyor (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2010)
      Cotton production and export have a long history in Uzbekistan. The production of cotton, also called white gold, has long been a strategic centerpiece of the economy of Uzbekistan, which ranks second among world cotton ...
    • Rehabilitation of Saline Soils in Tajikistan: The Example of Saline Soils in Vakhsh Valley 

      Demidov, Valery; Akhmadov, Hukmatullo (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2016)
      Over the past 25 years, since Tajikistan's independence, economic crisis and various social and natural disasters (the result of failure to carry out the bulk of reclamation activities) have led to secondary soil salinization ...
    • Rural Road Investments, Agricultural Development, and Poverty Alleviation in China 

      Shimokawa, Satoru (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Beginning in late 1978, China adopted a series of policy and institutional reforms and achieved rapid economic growth and poverty reduction. National gross domestic product (GDP) grew at more than 9 percent a year from ...
    • Salmonella Control in Denmark and the EU 

      Christensen, Tove; Andersen, Lill (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Potential food safety hazards include foodborne pathogens,1 use of antibiotics leading to resistant bacteria, chemical residuals in food products, medicine residues, growth hormones, and genetically modified organisms. The ...
    • Small-Farm Access to High-Value Horticultural Markets in Kenya 

      Dever, Joseph (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      The goals of poverty alleviation and rural agricultural development have long been elusive among poor Sub-Saharan Africa countries. Rural areas still lag behind urban ones in economic growth, and formerly lucrative export ...
    • Smallholder Farmers' Access to Markets for High-Value Agricultural Commodities in India 

      Birthal, P. S.; Joshi, P. K. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Sustained economic and income growth, a fastgrowing urban population, and the increasing integration of global agri-food markets are fueling rapid growth in demand for high-value food commodities in India. This is an ...
    • Suggested Actions to Reduce Irrigation Erosion in the Kyrgyz Republic 

      Mavlyanova, Nadira; Kulov, Kubanichbek; Jo?shov, Payaziddin (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2016)
      Intensive development of virgin lands in Central Asia in the 20th century was driven by the continuous growth of the population, a demand for higher agricultural output, and a need to develop amelioration technologies. In ...
    • Surviving Shocks in Ethiopia: The Role of Social Protection for Food Security 

      Hiensch, Annick (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Ethiopia has suffered from frequent disasters such as droughts, famines, epidemics, floods, landslides, earthquakes, civil wars, and mass displacement, as well as rapid declines in major export commodity prices. The ...
    • Sustainable Development of Agro-Industrial Sector and Food Security of the Kyrgyz Republic in the Process of Integration into the Eurasian Economic Union 

      Yakubovich, Ekaterina; Yenikeyeva, Zalina (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2016)
      The integration of the Kyrgyz Republic into the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) will permit the country to most optimally combine the diversity of natural, economic, intellectual, and other resources into a single system. ...
    • Tariff Escalation in World Agricultural Trade 

      Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Tariff escalation, a common practice in international commodity trade, refers to a situation where tariffs are zero or low on primary products and increase, or escalate, as products undergo processing. It causes the price ...
    • The 2002 Malawi Famine 

      Phillips, Erica (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Famine has been described as “a catastrophic disruption of the social, economic, and institutional systems that provide for food production, distribution, and consumption” (von Braun et al. 1998). Famines have occurred in ...
    • The Aral Sea: An Ecological Disaster 

      Rudenko, I.; Lamers, J. P. A. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2010)
      The dimension of the human-induced ecological disaster in Central Asia is probably best illustrated in the desiccation of the Aral Sea. In 1960 this water body had a surface area of more than 68,000 square kilometers) and ...
    • The Black Bengal Goat as a Tool to Promote Sustainable Livelihoods in Rural West Bengal 

      Biswas, Subhasish (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2010)
      Goats are an integral part of rural India's symbiotic system of crop and livestock production and make up a significant part of the livestock wealth of the country. Over the past 25 years or so, the Indian livestock industry ...