Now showing items 73-92 of 95

    • The Aral Sea: An Ecological Disaster 

      Rudenko, I.; Lamers, J. P. A. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2010)
      The dimension of the human-induced ecological disaster in Central Asia is probably best illustrated in the desiccation of the Aral Sea. In 1960 this water body had a surface area of more than 68,000 square kilometers) and ...
    • The Black Bengal Goat as a Tool to Promote Sustainable Livelihoods in Rural West Bengal 

      Biswas, Subhasish (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2010)
      Goats are an integral part of rural India's symbiotic system of crop and livestock production and make up a significant part of the livestock wealth of the country. Over the past 25 years or so, the Indian livestock industry ...
    • The Coffee Crisis: Is Fair Trade the Solution? 

      Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Coffee is an important crop widely grown in the developing world. The economies of some countries, particularly those in Central America and parts of Africa, are highly dependent on coffee as a source of both national ...
    • The Dairy Sector of Armenia: Relationships among Supply Chain Members 

      Poleshkina, Irina; Peplozyan, Elbis (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2016)
      Agriculture plays a special role in transition economies, in both economic and social terms. The sector produces a major portion of the country's GDP and not only provides food but often serves as the only source of income ...
    • The Economic Benefits of Fisheries Management: The Case of Western Channel Sole 

      Bjørndal, Trond (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2009)
      Sole (Solea Solea) is a valuable flatfish species that lives partly buried in sandy bottoms in the western part of the English Channel. Because of fairly high catch levels, stock size has fallen substantially since the ...
    • The Fertilizer Subsidy Program in Sri Lanka 

      Weerahewa, Jeevika; Kodithuwakku, Sarath S.; Ariyawardana, Anoma (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2010)
      Rice is not only the staple food of Sri Lanka, but also a part and parcel of the rural livelihood of the country. The Government of Sri Lanka has introduced a number of policies and programs to increase paddy production ...
    • The Growing Trend of Farmers' Markets in the United States 

      Phillips, Erica (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Farmers' markets have surged in popularity in the United States during the past 30 years. Since the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) began collecting information on farmers' markets in 1994, the number of markets ...
    • The Growth of Supermarkets and its Implications for Smallholders in Uganda 

      Elepu, Gabriel (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2009)
      The growth of supermarkets is a phenomenon that characterizes many developing countries. The growth of supermarkets in Uganda can be attributed to the country's favorable investment climate coupled with the increase in ...
    • The Impact of Food for Education Programs in Bangladesh 

      Ahmed, Akhter U.; Babu, Suresh C. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Educating children can help them and their families to move out of poverty. Yet even with free tuition, the cost of attaining education remains high for poor families in developing countries owing to competing demands on ...
    • The Impact of U.S. Subsidies on West African Cotton Production 

      Woodward, Andrea R. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Cotton subsidies and their impact on international prices and on the livelihoods of poor African cotton farmers have become a central focus of the Doha Development Round of World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations. ...
    • The Nutrition Transition and Obesity in China 

      Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Before China’s economic reforms of the late 1970s, the typical Chinese diet consisted primarily of grain products and starchy roots, with few animal source foods, caloric sweeteners, or fruits and vegetables. Since the ...
    • The Nutrition Transition in Chile 

      Vio del Rio, Fernando (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      The nutrition transition in Chile has occurred very rapidly. In particular, obesity rates in all age groups have increased instead of decreasing, despite the goals established by the Ministry of Health (MOH) for the period ...
    • The Policy Process of Increasing Micronutrient Programming in India 

      Herforth, Anna (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Deficiencies of micronutrients—particularly iron, iodine, vitamin A, zinc, and folic acid—wreak havoc on survival, health, and productivity around the world. Micronutrient deficiencies are often called “hidden hunger” ...
    • The Role of Government in the Labeling of GM Food 

      Emma, Camille (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2010)
      Food labels embody a range of attributes: a salad bag may be organic, a yogurt may be low fat, and potato chips may be all natural. Each year, food companies create new and innovative labels to market their products. In ...
    • The Sugar Controversy 

      Vio, Fernando; Uauy, Ricardo (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Sugar, one of the world's most important food commodities, provides a high percentage of calories for the population in many countries. But consumption of calories either as sugar or fat by sedentary populations promotes ...
    • The Textile and Clothing Agreements 

      Shemin, Jill S. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Demand for textiles and clothing (T&C) has been rising quickly in the developed world (the European Union and United States), and it is forecast to grow further in the future. At the same time, especially during the past ...
    • The WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism and Developing Countries: The Brazil–U.S. Cotton Case 

      Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      The Dispute Settlement Mechanism (DSM) of the World Trade Organization (WTO) is often seen as one of the major achievements of the multilateral trading system. Many believe that the WTO DSM has introduced greater “legalism” ...
    • Trade Liberalization in South Korea's Rice Sector: Some Policy Implications 

      Hong, Sukjong; Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      The tension between the liberalizing agenda of the World Trade Organzation (WTO) and the policies of industrial-country members of the WTO has been framed as a battle between developed countries and less-developed countries. ...
    • U.S. Farm Policy Reforms: Domestic and International Implications 

      Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      With the Doha Round of World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations at a standstill, substantial liberalization of agricultural trade remains elusive. One obstacle to progress is that “dirty decoupling” of farm subsidies ...
    • Urban Agriculture in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 

      Schmidt, Stephan (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2011)
      Rapid urbanization in Sub-Saharan Africa has led to serious concerns about household food security in urban areas. Urban agriculture, which includes both crop production and livestock raising, has been recognized as serving ...