Now showing items 60-79 of 95

    • Producer Subsidies and Decoupling in the European Union and the United States 

      Jensen, Maria Skovager; Zobbe, Henrik (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Since 1986 agriculture has been a major part of multilateral trade negotiations under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), and since 1995 under the World Trade Organization (WTO). The main objective of these ...
    • PROGRESA: An Integrated Approach to Poverty Alleviation in Mexico 

      Gantner, Leigh (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      In 1997 the government of Mexico implemented PROGRESA (Programa de Educación, Salud, y Alimenación), an integrated approach to poverty alleviation through the development of human capital. PROGRESA was one part of a larger ...
    • Pros and Cons of Cotton Production in Uzbekistan 

      Djanibekov, Nodir; Rudenko, Inna; Lamers, John P. A.; Bobojonov, Ihtiyor (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2010)
      Cotton production and export have a long history in Uzbekistan. The production of cotton, also called white gold, has long been a strategic centerpiece of the economy of Uzbekistan, which ranks second among world cotton ...
    • Rehabilitation of Saline Soils in Tajikistan: The Example of Saline Soils in Vakhsh Valley 

      Demidov, Valery; Akhmadov, Hukmatullo (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2016)
      Over the past 25 years, since Tajikistan's independence, economic crisis and various social and natural disasters (the result of failure to carry out the bulk of reclamation activities) have led to secondary soil salinization ...
    • Rural Road Investments, Agricultural Development, and Poverty Alleviation in China 

      Shimokawa, Satoru (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Beginning in late 1978, China adopted a series of policy and institutional reforms and achieved rapid economic growth and poverty reduction. National gross domestic product (GDP) grew at more than 9 percent a year from ...
    • Salmonella Control in Denmark and the EU 

      Christensen, Tove; Andersen, Lill (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Potential food safety hazards include foodborne pathogens,1 use of antibiotics leading to resistant bacteria, chemical residuals in food products, medicine residues, growth hormones, and genetically modified organisms. The ...
    • Small-Farm Access to High-Value Horticultural Markets in Kenya 

      Dever, Joseph (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      The goals of poverty alleviation and rural agricultural development have long been elusive among poor Sub-Saharan Africa countries. Rural areas still lag behind urban ones in economic growth, and formerly lucrative export ...
    • Smallholder Farmers' Access to Markets for High-Value Agricultural Commodities in India 

      Birthal, P. S.; Joshi, P. K. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Sustained economic and income growth, a fastgrowing urban population, and the increasing integration of global agri-food markets are fueling rapid growth in demand for high-value food commodities in India. This is an ...
    • Suggested Actions to Reduce Irrigation Erosion in the Kyrgyz Republic 

      Mavlyanova, Nadira; Kulov, Kubanichbek; Jo?shov, Payaziddin (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2016)
      Intensive development of virgin lands in Central Asia in the 20th century was driven by the continuous growth of the population, a demand for higher agricultural output, and a need to develop amelioration technologies. In ...
    • Surviving Shocks in Ethiopia: The Role of Social Protection for Food Security 

      Hiensch, Annick (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Ethiopia has suffered from frequent disasters such as droughts, famines, epidemics, floods, landslides, earthquakes, civil wars, and mass displacement, as well as rapid declines in major export commodity prices. The ...
    • Sustainable Development of Agro-Industrial Sector and Food Security of the Kyrgyz Republic in the Process of Integration into the Eurasian Economic Union 

      Yakubovich, Ekaterina; Yenikeyeva, Zalina (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2016)
      The integration of the Kyrgyz Republic into the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) will permit the country to most optimally combine the diversity of natural, economic, intellectual, and other resources into a single system. ...
    • Tariff Escalation in World Agricultural Trade 

      Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Tariff escalation, a common practice in international commodity trade, refers to a situation where tariffs are zero or low on primary products and increase, or escalate, as products undergo processing. It causes the price ...
    • The 2002 Malawi Famine 

      Phillips, Erica (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Famine has been described as “a catastrophic disruption of the social, economic, and institutional systems that provide for food production, distribution, and consumption” (von Braun et al. 1998). Famines have occurred in ...
    • The Aral Sea: An Ecological Disaster 

      Rudenko, I.; Lamers, J. P. A. (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2010)
      The dimension of the human-induced ecological disaster in Central Asia is probably best illustrated in the desiccation of the Aral Sea. In 1960 this water body had a surface area of more than 68,000 square kilometers) and ...
    • The Black Bengal Goat as a Tool to Promote Sustainable Livelihoods in Rural West Bengal 

      Biswas, Subhasish (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2010)
      Goats are an integral part of rural India's symbiotic system of crop and livestock production and make up a significant part of the livestock wealth of the country. Over the past 25 years or so, the Indian livestock industry ...
    • The Coffee Crisis: Is Fair Trade the Solution? 

      Cheng, Fuzhi (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Coffee is an important crop widely grown in the developing world. The economies of some countries, particularly those in Central America and parts of Africa, are highly dependent on coffee as a source of both national ...
    • The Dairy Sector of Armenia: Relationships among Supply Chain Members 

      Poleshkina, Irina; Peplozyan, Elbis (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2016)
      Agriculture plays a special role in transition economies, in both economic and social terms. The sector produces a major portion of the country's GDP and not only provides food but often serves as the only source of income ...
    • The Economic Benefits of Fisheries Management: The Case of Western Channel Sole 

      Bjørndal, Trond (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2009)
      Sole (Solea Solea) is a valuable flatfish species that lives partly buried in sandy bottoms in the western part of the English Channel. Because of fairly high catch levels, stock size has fallen substantially since the ...
    • The Fertilizer Subsidy Program in Sri Lanka 

      Weerahewa, Jeevika; Kodithuwakku, Sarath S.; Ariyawardana, Anoma (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2010)
      Rice is not only the staple food of Sri Lanka, but also a part and parcel of the rural livelihood of the country. The Government of Sri Lanka has introduced a number of policies and programs to increase paddy production ...
    • The Growing Trend of Farmers' Markets in the United States 

      Phillips, Erica (CUL Initiatives in Publishing (CIP), 2007)
      Farmers' markets have surged in popularity in the United States during the past 30 years. Since the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) began collecting information on farmers' markets in 1994, the number of markets ...