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dc.contributor.authorComstock, Audrey Lynn
dc.identifier.otherbibid: 9906113
dc.description.abstractThis project examines the untapped area of international legal engagement and the dynamic ways that states use treaty actions as a means of communication. This project focuses on two central questions: 1) What explains when and why states engage with treaty law 2) What effect, if any, does engagement have on compliance levels? I argue that involvement of the domestic legislature at the ratification and implementation stages helps explain legal engagement via commitment and post-commitment actions. Timing of legal actions influences observed compliance levels. I use a multi-methods approach to address these questions. First, I collect the legal treaty actions made towards each of the core United Nations human rights treaties. Statistical analyses examine the role commitment actions have in compliance levels with treaty law. I specifically focus on the ICCPR and CEDAW treaties for empirical analysis of compliance, drawing on other human rights treaties for comparative analysis. Drawing from the cases of the United States, Canada, and the Netherlands, I examine the role of domestic legislatures on international legal behavior. In the end the timing and amount of legislative involvement in the treaty process have major consequences for how, when, and how frequently states engage with international law. States confronting legislative barriers to ratification tend to sign treaties earlier than states without barriers. For these states signature, not ratification, becomes the significant and defining point of human rights behavior change.
dc.subjecthuman rights
dc.subjectInternational relations
dc.subjectUnited Nations
dc.subjectinternational law
dc.subjectPolitical science
dc.titleDomestic Legislatures and International Law: Explaining State Participation and Compliance with United Nations Human Rights Treaties
dc.typedissertation or thesis University of Philosophy D., Government
dc.contributor.chairEvangelista, Matthew Anthony
dc.contributor.committeeMemberKreps, Sarah E
dc.contributor.committeeMemberKatzenstein, Peter Joachim

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