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dc.contributor.authorBoock, Jasonen_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-06T20:13:58Z
dc.date.available2020-01-27T07:00:31Z
dc.date.issued2015-01-26en_US
dc.identifier.otherbibid: 9154456
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1813/39363
dc.description.abstractIn this study, we have repurposed the intrinsic quality control of the twin-arginine translocation (Tat) pathway to enhance the traits of target proteins using directed evolution. As a proof-of-concept, we applied this method to the endocellulase Cel5A from the fungal plant pathogen Fusarium graminearum to improve its production and function. Our approach is based on a novel two-tiered genetic selection and screening method. First, a Tat-based genetic selection is applied that links protein translocation with resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics. Since the quality control mechanism of the Tat pathway only permits the export of folded proteins, this genetic selection allows for the rapid and high-throughput isolation of well-folded, stable Cel5A library members while eliminating those that are poorly folded. A second screening step is imposed to ensure that the proteins that pass the Tat quality control retain high activity. For Cel5A, this involves a screen of enzyme activity using the soluble cellulose substrate carboxymethyl cellulose. Following two iterations through our dual selection and screen, we isolated a Cel5A variant whose production is increased 30-fold over the parent enzyme. The gain in production is achieved without any loss in activity on soluble or insoluble cellulose substrates, underscoring the value in this two-step evolution approach. Further, we have characterized several of the improved variants to begin determining which biophysical properties are selected through the directed evolution process. Additionally, we have discovered the chaperone-like activity of a component of the Tat pathway. The results of these experiments are helping to shed light on the poorly understood quality control mechanism and will guide future protein engineering attempts that exploit this pathway.   iien_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectProtein engineeringen_US
dc.subjectCellular quality controlen_US
dc.subjectHeterologous cellulase productionen_US
dc.titleExpanding The Capabilities Of A Bacterial Quality Control Mechanism For Engineering Enzymesen_US
dc.typedissertation or thesisen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemical Engineering
thesis.degree.grantorCornell Universityen_US
thesis.degree.levelDoctor of Philosophy
thesis.degree.namePh. D., Chemical Engineering
dc.contributor.chairDelisa, Matthewen_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberLin, Heningen_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberPutnam, David A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberVarner, Jeffrey D.en_US


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