Now showing items 46-65 of 130

    • Enhancing diversity in undergraduate science: self-efficacy drives performance gains with active learning 

      Ballen, C.J.; Wieman, C.; Salehi, S.; Searle, J.B.; Zamudio, K.R. (American Society for Cell Biology, 2017-12-01)
      Efforts to retain underrepresented minority (URM) students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) have shown only limited success in higher education, due in part to a persistent achievement gap between ...
    • Estimating net anthropogenic nitrogen inputs (NANI) in the Lake Dianchi basin of China 

      Gao, W.; Howarth, R. W.; Hong, B.; Swaney, D. P.; Guo, H.C. (Copernicus, 2014-08-28)
      Net anthropogenic nitrogen inputs (NANI) with components of atmospheric N deposition, synthetic N fertilizer, agricultural N fixation and N in net food and feed imports from 15 catchments in the Lake Dianchi basin were ...
    • Evidence for adaptive radiation from a phylogenetic study of plant defenses 

      Agrawal, Anurag A.; Fishbein, Mark; Halitschke, Rayko; Hastings, Amy P.; Rabosky, Daniel L.; Rasmann, Sergio (National Academy of Sciences, 2009-10-27)
      One signature of adaptive radiation is a high level of trait change early during the diversification process and a plateau toward the end of the radiation. Although the study of the tempo of evolution has historically been ...
    • Evolution of Plant Growth and Defence in a Continental Introduction 

      Agrawal, Anurag A.; Hastings, Amy P.; Bradburd, Gideon S.; Woods, Ellen C.; Zust, Tobias; Harvey, Jeffrey A.; Bukovinszky, Tibor (University of Chicago Press, 2015-07)
      Substantial research has addressed adaptation of nonnative biota to novel environments, yet surprisingly little work has integrated population genetic structure and the mechanisms underlying phenotypic differentiation in ...
    • Evolution of Specialization: A Phylogenetic Study of Host Range in the Red Milkweed Beetle (Tetraopes tetraophthalmus) 

      Rasmann, Sergio; Agrawal, Anurag A. (University of Chicago Press, 2011-05-03)
      Specialization is common in most lineages of insect herbivores, one of the most diverse groups of organisms on earth. To address how and why specialization is maintained over evolutionary time, we hypothesized that plant ...
    • Evolutionary history predicts plant defense against an invasive pest 

      Desurmont, Gaylord A.; Donoghue, Michael J.; Clement, Wendy L.; Agrawal, Anurag A. (National Academy of Sciences, 2011-02-22)
      It has long been hypothesized that invasive pests may be facilitated by the evolutionary naïveté of their new hosts, but this prediction has never been examined in a phylogenetic framework. To address the hypothesis, we ...
    • Exotic plants contribute positively to biodiversity functions but reduce native seed production and arthropod richness 

      Cook-Patton, Susan C.; Agrawal, Anurag A. (Ecological Society of America, 2014-06-01)
      Although exotic plants comprise a substantial portion of floristic biodiversity, their contributions to community and ecosystem processes are not well understood. We manipulated plant species richness in old?field communities ...
    • Exploring Rattus praetor (Rodentia, Muridae) as a possible species complex using geometric morphometrics on dental morphology 

      Hulme-Beaman, A.; Cucchi, T.; Evin, A.; Searle, J. B.; Dobney, K. (Elsevier, 2018-04-06)
      Taxonomic uncertainties in the Rattus genus persist due to among-species morphological conservatism coupled with within-species environmental variation in morphology. As a result, this genus contains a number of possible ...
    • Fellow travellers: A concordance of colonization patterns between mice and men in the North Atlantic region 

      Jones, E.P.; Skirnisson, K.; McGovern, T.H.; Gilbert, MTP; Willerslev, E.; Searle, Jeremy B. (BMC Evolutionary Biology, 2012-03-19)
      Background: House mice (Mus musculus) are commensals of humans and therefore their phylogeography can reflect human colonization and settlement patterns. Previous studies have linked the distribution of house mouse ...
    • Filling key gaps in population and community ecology 

      Agrawal, Anurag A.; Ackerly, David D.; Adler, Fred; Arnold, A Elizabeth; Caceres, Carla; Doak, Daniel F.; Post, Eric; Hudson, Peter J.; Maron, John L.; Mooney, Kailen A.; Power, Mary; Schemske, Doug; Stachowicz, Jay; Strauss, Sharon; Turner, Monica G.; Werner, Earl (Ecological Society of America, 2007-04-01)
      We propose research to fill key gaps in the areas of population and community ecology, based on a National Science Foundation workshop identifying funding priorities for the next 5–10 years. Our vision for the near future ...
    • Fish size, visual resolution, and prey selectivity 

      Li, Kao T.; Wetterer, James K.; Hairston, Nelson G., Jr. (Ecological Society of America, 1985-12)
      Planktivorous bluegill sunfish (Lepomis macrochirus) are known to consume large prey preferentially. Disagreement exists in the literature over whether this size-selectivity reflects optimal foraging behavior by the fish ...
    • Fitness consequences of occasional outcrossing in a functionally asexual plant (Oenothera biennis) 

      Maron, John L.; Johnson, Mark T.; Hastings, Amy P.; Agrawal, Anurag A. (Ecological Society of America, 2017-12-02)
      Many clonal organisms occasionally outcross, but the long?term consequences of such infrequent events are often unknown. During five years, representing three to five plant generations, we followed 16 experimental field ...
    • Genetic architecture of skewed X inactivation in the laboratory mouse 

      Calaway, J.D.; Lenarcic, A.B.; Didion, J.P.; Wang, J.R.; Searle, J.B.; McMillan, L.; Valdar, W.; Pardo-Manuel de Villena, F. (Public Library of Science (PLOS), 2013-10-03)
      X chromosome inactivation (XCI) is the mammalian mechanism of dosage compensation that balances X-linked gene expression between the sexes. Early during female development, each cell of the embryo proper independently ...
    • Global patterns of terrestrial biological nitrogen (N2) fixation in natural systems 

      Cleveland, C. C.; Townsend, A. R.; Schimel, D. S.; Fisher, H.; Howarth, R. W.; Hedin, L. O.; Perakis, S. S.; Latty, E. F.; von Fischer, J. C.; Elseroad, A.; Wasson, M. F. (Wiley, 1999-06-01)
      Human activities have clearly caused dramatic alterations of the terrestrial nitrogen cycle, and analyses of the extent and effects of such changes are now common in the scientific literature. However, any attempt to ...
    • Greenhouse gas emissions from domestic hot water: heat pumps compared to most commonly used systems 

      Hong, B.; Howarth, R. W. (Wiley, 2016-01-25)
      We estimate the emissions of the two most important greenhouse gasses (GHG), carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4), from the use of modern high-efficiency heat pump water heaters compared to the most commonly used domestic ...
    • Growth-related constraints on diet selection by sunfish 

      Walton, William E.; Hairston, Nelson G., Jr.; Wetterer, James K. (Ecological Society of America, 1992-04)
      Diet selectivity by the planktivorous bluegill sunfish (Lepomis macrochirus) is correlated with the fishes' visual resolution. Poor visual capabilities are thought to impose a constraint on the ability of small sunfish to ...
    • Host-range evolution: adaptation and trade-offs in fitness of mites on alternative hosts 

      Agrawal, Anurag A. (Ecological Society of America, 2000-02-01)
      Trade?offs in fitness on different host plants has been a central hypothesis in explaining the evolutionary specialization of herbivores. Surprisingly, only a few studies have documented such trade?offs. In this paper, I ...
    • House mice with metacentric chromosomes in the Middle East 

      Gündüz, I.; Tez, C.; Searle, J.B. (Wiley, 2000-10-30)
    • Human alteration of the global nitrogen cycle: Causes and consequences 

      Vitousek, P.M.; Aber, J.; Bayley, S. E.; Howarth, R. W.; Likens, G. E.; Matson, P. A.; Schindler, D. W.; Schlesinger, W. H.; Tilman, G. D. (Wiley, 1997-08-01)
      Nitrogen is a key element controlling the species composition, diversity, dynamics, and functioning of many terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecosystems. Many of the original plant species living in these ecosystems are ...
    • Human health effects of a changing global nitrogen cycle 

      Townsend, A. R.; Howarth, R. W.; Bazzaz, F. A.; Booth, M. S.; Cleveland, C. C.; Collinge, S. K.; Dobson, A. P.; Epstein, P. R.; Holland, E. A.; Keeney, D. R.; Mallin, M. A.; Rogers, C. A.; Wayne, P.; Wolfe, A. H. (Wiley, 2003-06-01)
      Changes to the global nitrogen cycle affect human health well beyond the associated benefits of increased food production. Many intensively fertilized crops become animal feed, helping to create disparities in world food ...