Gender And Previous Experience Influence False And Veridical Memory For Drm Word Lists In Healthy Young Adults
Previous studies of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) word list paradigm have not yet identified gender differences in the false recall of neutral critical lures, words with the strongest association to all words in a presented list. In the present study, male (n = 34) and female (n = 88) undergraduates studied DRM word lists for which "king," "sweet," and "window" were the critical lures. Following a distractor task, participants were given a written task of free recall. Based on their previous experie nce with word lists, participants were divided into "naïve" and "experienced" groups. Naïve females correctly recalled significantly more listed words (veridical recall) than males for the Sweet and Window lists, and were significantly less likely to produce the non-presented critical lure "window." No gender difference, however, was observed among the experienced group. Future DRM experiments should take into account the ef fects of DRM list characteristics as well as previous experience.
False memory; False recall; drm
Strupp, Barbara Jean; McCormick, Charles Chipley W
M.S. of Nutrition
Master of Science
dissertation or thesis