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dc.contributor.authorMcart, Scotten_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-02-22T14:14:46Z
dc.date.available2013-02-22T14:14:46Z
dc.date.issued2012-05-27en_US
dc.identifier.otherbibid: 8251394
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1813/31386
dc.description.abstractGenotypic diversity varies markedly among populations of organisms, however the ecological consequences of intraspecific diversity are poorly understood. Here I directly compare the effects of plant species and genotypic diversity on arthropod communities and ecosystem functioning. Through behavioral observations, field experiments, and laboratory assays, I show contrasting mechanisms by which arthropod species richness and evenness are altered by each type of plant diversity. I then show how genotypic diversity of the common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis) reduces herbivory by changing herbivore behavior and physiology, ultimately decreasing consumption efficiency. Finally, I show how O. biennis genotypic diversity attenuates induced plant resistance to the Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica), indirectly increasing plant susceptibility to three native seed predators. As a result, this highly invasive beetle actually increases the fitness of O. biennis by consuming it. Overall, I show that plant genotypic diversity contributes substantially to the structure and functioning of arthropod communities through both direct and indirect mechanisms.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.titlePlant Genotypic Diversity And Its Influence On Arthropod Communitiesen_US
dc.typedissertation or thesisen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineEntomology
thesis.degree.grantorCornell Universityen_US
thesis.degree.levelDoctor of Philosophy
thesis.degree.namePh. D., Entomology
dc.contributor.chairThaler, Jennifer S.en_US


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