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dc.contributor.authorLovenheim, Michael
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 27(4), pages 525-587en_US
dc.description.abstractUsing a unique data set on teachers’ union election certifications from Iowa, Indiana, and Minnesota, I estimate the effect of teachers’ unions on school district resources and on student educational attainment. My empirical strategy allows for nonparametric leads and lags of union age. I find no impact on teacher pay or per student district expenditures but that unions increase teacher employment by 5%. I find no class size effect because of enrollment increases in unionized districts, and I estimate that unions have no net effect on high school dropout rates. These findings highlight the importance of correctly measuring unionization status.en_US
dc.subjectPolicy Analysis and Managementen_US
dc.titleThe Effect of Teachers' Unions on Education Production: Evidence from Union Election Certifications in Three Midwestern Statesen_US

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