The Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors (BCERF) at Cornell University is devoted to lowering the risk and incidence of cancer by promoting methods of sound decision-making at personal and public levels.

What Are Environmental Risk Factors? Cancer is a complex disease. A small percentage of breast cancer may be caused solely by genes (or inherited factors). The vast majority of cases likely develop through an interaction between the individual and their unique genes and their environment. Environmental risk factors may include chemicals in the home or workplace, obesity, smoking, alcohol consumption, and exercise among others. Scientists are working to understand the interaction of genes and environment and what role they play in cancer risk.

BCERF works within the emerging field of translational research. Basic research is translated by our staff of scientists and educators into forms that can be used by the public, medical professionals, educators, activists, other scientists, the regulatory community, and policy makers. BCERF turns science into clear information you can use in your life and in your work to reduce your risk of cancer.

BCERF provides information on the cancer risks associated with environmental factors. We do not provide medical advice nor can our staff provide treatment recommendations. The information on the BCERF web site is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between a patient/site visitor and his/her physician.

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Recent Submissions

  • Pesticide Residue Monitoring and Food Safety Bibliography 

    Gandhi, Renu (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2003-05)
    Bibliography on pesticide residue monitoring and food safety. Includes information on consumer hot lines, results from Food and Drug Administration (FDA) surveys, organic food practices and regulations, regulations on ...
  • Hormones in Food and the Risk of Breast Cancer Bibliography 

    Mathews, Saemi; Gandhi, Renu (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2003-05)
    Bibliography on hormones in food and breast cancer risk. Includes articles on the use of hormones in livestock and poultry, use of diethylstilbestrol and zeranol, studies on hormones in food and premature puberty, use of ...
  • Mancozeb and Breast Cancer Risk Bibliography 

    Mathews, Saemi; Gandhi, Renu (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2003-05)
    Bibliography on the breast cancer risk of the fungicide mancozeb. Includes review articles, information on its chemistry, history of use and usage, regulatory status, cancer risk in human and animals, evidence of endocrine ...
  • Understanding Breast Cancer Rates Bibliography 

    Ross, Zev (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2004-08)
    Bibliography on understanding breast cancer rates and linkages to web resources at the state and federal level.
  • Estrogen and Breast Cancer Risk Bibliography 

    Clark, Rachel (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2003-05)
    Bibliography on the breast cancer risk of the hormone estrogen. Includes review articles, estrogen's effects on the development of cancer, estrogen exposure from diet, alcohol, hormone therapy, environmental chemicals, and ...
  • Precautionary Principle Bibliography 

    Obijuru, Laura; Snedeker, Suzanne M. (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2002-11)
    Bibliography on the Precautionary Principle.
  • Chlorpyrifos and Breast Cancer Risk Bibliography 

    Fu, Xiaofeng; Gandhi, Renu (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2003-05)
    Bibliography on the breast cancer risk of chlorpyrifos. Includes review articles and references on the cancer risk of exposed humans, mammary cancer in animals, evidence of mutagenicity and genotoxicity, reproductive ...
  • Chlordane and Breast Cancer Risk Bibliography 

    Gandhi, Renu (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2003-05)
    Bibliography on the breast cancer risk of the insecticide chlordane. Includes review articles, studies in humans (epidemiology, occupational exposure, tissue levels, levels in breast milk, immunotoxicological studies), ...
  • Diazinon and Breast Cancer Risk Bibliography 

    Fu, Xiaofeng; Gandhi, Renu (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2003-05)
    Bibliography on the breast cancer risk of the insecticide diazinon. Includes review articles and references on cancer risks in humans and animals, evidence of mutatgenicity and genotoxicity, tumor promotion effects, ...
  • Smoking and the Risk of Breast Cancer Bibliography 

    Warren, Barbour S. (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2003-03)
    Bibliography on smoking and the risk of breast cancer. Includes reviews and commentaries, and references on human epidemiologic studies.
  • Dieldrin and Breast Cancer Risk Bibliography 

    Snedeker, Suzanne M.; Ijola, Kola (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2003-05)
    Bibliography on the breast cancer risk of the insecticide dieldrin. Includes review articles and references on the breast cancer risk of dieldrin, evidence of estrogenicity, levels in food and breast milk, exposure in the ...
  • Inheritance and the Risk of Breast Cancer Bibliography 

    Warren, Barbour S. (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2003-12)
    Bibliography on inheritance and the risk of breast cancer. Includes review articles and commentaries, and references on human clinical studies and epidemiologic studies.
  • Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and Breast Cancer Risk Bibliography 

    Woodard, Elizabeth; Snedeker, Suzanne M. (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2003-05)
    Bibliography on the breast cancer risk of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Includes review articles, cancer risk in humans, markers of exposure, genetics and polymorphisms, evidence of estrogenicity, cancer risk in ...
  • Genetics (Tumor Suppressor Genes) and Breast Cancer Risk Bibliography 

    Snedeker, Suzanne M. (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2003-05)
    Bibliography on tumor suppressor genes and breast cancer risk. Includes review articles, commentaries, studies on p53 and BRCA genes, commentaries on genetic testing, emerging tumor suppressor genes, and articles on molecular ...
  • Male Breast Cancer Risk Bibliography 

    Warren, Barbour S. (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2003-05)
    Bibliography on male breast cancer. Includes reviews and commentaries, human clinical studies, and human epidemiologic studies.
  • Postmenopausal Hormone Treatment, Oral Contraceptives and the Risk of Breast Cancer 

    Warren, Barbour S. (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2003-01)
    Bibliography on hormone therapy (post-menopausal hormones and oral contraceptives) and the risk of breast cancer. Includes review articles, clinical humans studies, and human epidemiologic studies.
  • Alachlor and Breast Cancer Risk Bibliography 

    Snedeker, Suzanne M.; Mathews, Saemi (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2003-05)
    Bibliography on the breast cancer risk of the herbicide alachlor. Includes references on history of use and usage, chemical information and trade names, regulatory status, evidence of breast cancer risk in humans and ...
  • Women, the Workplace, and Breast Cancer Risk Bibliography 

    Snedeker, Suzanne M.; Fertala, Katarzyna; Stewart, Laschelle Dana Marie (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2007-08)
    Bibliography on women, the workplace and breast cancer risk. Includes information on the history of women in the workplace, breast cancer risk due to specific occupational exposures to chemicals (dioxin, ethylene oxide, ...
  • Premature Thelarche - Environmental Connections 

    Snedeker, Suzanne M.; Ijola, Kola (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2001-02)
    Bibliography on premature thelarche (breast development) and environmental influences. Includes references on clinical descriptions of premature thelarche, studies from Puerto Rico and Haiti, long-term follow-up studies, ...
  • Environmental Estrogens and Breast Cancer Risk Bibliography 

    Snedeker, Suzanne M. (Cornell University Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, 2003-05)
    Bibliography of references on environmental estrogens.

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