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dc.contributor.authorCottrell, Jocelyn
dc.contributor.authorHogan, Chris
dc.contributor.authorJain, Nieraj
dc.contributor.authorNogal, Bartosz
dc.contributor.authorMcWay, Michael
dc.date.accessioned2004-07-12T20:21:58Z
dc.date.available2004-07-12T20:21:58Z
dc.date.issued2003-07-12T20:21:58Z
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1813/137
dc.description.abstractThe American Black Bear (Ursus americanus) has the ability to sustain a high core temperature throughout the duration of its hibernation cycle, even as outside temperatures fall to -20?C. This ability is largely due the conversion of chemical energy into heat in specialized tissue known as brown fat. We demonstrate temperature variation in a hibernating black bear on a macroscopic scale, without attempting to demonstrate local temperature variation. In this first glimpse of the physical processes underlying thermoregulation in a hibernating black bear, we have incorporated heat generation within a layer of brown fat. Our model indicates that brown fat tissue is capable of providing the energy need to maintain a high temperature. However, our model also points to the importance of the thick fur layer, as well as that of the fat layer, in providing basic insulation. At steady state, a temperature drop of over 40?C occurs in these two layers, keeping the body core at a temperature high above that of the surroundings. Without the insulation provided by these essential layers, along with thermogenesis in brown fat, it is unlikely that the bear would survive a 100-day hibernation cycle.en_US
dc.format.extent209347 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries2003;7
dc.subjectthermogenesisen_US
dc.titleModeling Heat Flows in a Hibernating Black Bearen_US
dc.typereporten_US


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