Ibuprofen toxicosis in an American Bulldog
This report describes a 45 kg dog which ingested approximately 178 mg/kg of ibuprofen (Advil). The dog vomited later that evening and the following day, and presented to Cornell 36 hours after ibuprofen ingestion. Upon presentation, the dog was dehydrated, azotemic, and isosthenuric. Ibruprofen toxicosis, historical urinary incontinence, and urinary tract infection were diagnosed. The dog was treated with intravenous fluid therapy, gastointestinal (GI) protectants, synthetic prostaglandin analog, and antibiotics. At the time of discharge and recheck two weeks later, the dog remained polyuric, polydipsic, and hyposthenuric, but euhyrated. Ibufprofen is a non-selective (cyclo-oxygenase) COX-1 and COX-2 inhibitor. Complications from ibuprofen overdose involve the following body systems in a cumulative fashion in the dog: GI (>10 mg/kg) renal (>175 mg/kg), central nervous system (>400 mg/kg), and death (600 mg/kg). This dog experienced GI and renal side effects caused by inhibition of local prostaglandin synthesis.
Senior seminar paperSeminar SF610.1 2006 S66
Dogs -- Diseases -- Case studies; Dogs -- Effect of drugs on -- Case studies; Dogs -- Toxicology -- Case studies