1918-1939: Peace Settlements, Nationalizing States, Radicalization

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    The Concept of National Belonging and The Practice of Determining National Belonging in Old Austrian Nationalities Law, 1932
    Steinacker, Wolfgang (Universitaets-Verlag Wagner, 1932)
    Texts relating to how nationality was determined in Bohemia and Moravia under Habsburg rule (mostly precedents from the beginning of the 20th century). [For related material, see the Lehar case and the Moravian court decision in that case, also in this archive]
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    Travels Through Bohemia, 1919
    Scheu, Robert (Strache, 1919)
    This excerpt comes from a book-length study published in 1919, by an Austrian journalist who was the son of a famous Austrian Social Democrat. Scheu traveled around the language border in Bohemia during the summer of 1918, just before the Great War ended and much changed. Terms that might be unfamiliar to the American reader are explained within brackets. Other editorial notes consist mostly of factual corrections to Scheu?s account. (Abstract prepared by Jeremy King of Mt. Holyoke College)
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    International Remedy for Depreciated Currencies, 1921
    Rasin, Alois (1921)
    Czech statesman Rasin discusses the means by which to create a viable Czechoslovak economy in the wake of the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy.
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    Documents on the Founding of Czechoslovakia, 1918-1924
    Documents relating to the establishment of the Czechoslovak state.
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    U.S. Diplomatic Correspondence on the Destruction of Czechoslovakia, Spring 1939
    40 pieces of US diplomatic correspondence relating to the dissection of Czechoslovakia.
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    Report on Postwar Poland, 1919
    American Jewish Relief Committee (1919)
    With the American Red Cross in Poland. Excerpts from Letter written by Dr. (Major) H. I. Davis to Mrs. Davis. Poland, Warsaw Mar. 23, 1919
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    Declaration of the Nobility to President Benes, 1938
    Nobility (Rozmluvy, 1990)
    The Czech nobility writes to Czechoslovak President Eduard Benes voicing their desire to preserve the unity of Bohemia in the face of the threat of German expansion and claims on the Sudetenland.
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    Speech of President Masaryk, 1928
    Masaryk, Tomas G. (Orbis, 1928)
    Czechoslovak President Tomas Masaryk's speech on the Tenth Anniversary of Czechoslovak Independence, October 28, 1928 in which he speaks about the foundations of the republic, the past and future of the Czechs and Slovaks, and the challenges facing Czechoslovakia. Includes biography of Masaryk at the end.
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    Message of President Masaryk to Parliament of Czechoslovakia, 1922
    Masaryk, Tomas G. (1922)
    Message of Czechoslovak President Tomas Masaryk to the Representatives of Parliament (January 1, 1922) in which he addresses the need for agrarian reform and "de-Austrianizing" the bureaucracy.
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    Economic Democracy
    Masaryk, Tomas G. (Frederick A. Stokes Co., 1927)
    From the memoirs of Czechoslovak President Masaryk from the years 1914-1918 wherein he talks about how communism is not the right path to take to equality. Includes a short biography of Masaryk at the end.